15 Types of Screening Equipment and How They Work

A drive that generates vibration, a screen medium that separates particles, and a deck that houses both the screen medium and the drive and acts as a conduit for the vibration all make up screening equipment.

Screening equipment is crucial for processing raw materials in manufacturing operations. These devices are made to sort materials and divide them into various sizes, enabling a more effective and efficient production process.

Wet and dry screens are the two available varieties, and they both depend entirely on the source material. Dry screens solely use vibration while wet screens sort materials using spray nozzles, water, and screen vibration.

Types of Screening Equipment and How They Work

There are various kinds of screening tools, which are covered here and they include

  • Rotary Screens
  • Static Screens
  • Flip-Flow Screener
  • Gyro Screens
  • Air Classifiers
  • Trommel Screens
  • Vibrating Screens
  • Disc Screens
  • Grizzly Screens
  • Revolving Screens
  • Banana Screens
  • Elliptical-Motion Screens
  • Horizontal Screens
  • Inclined Screens
  • Mobile Screens

1. Rotary Screens

To separate materials according to their size and shape, rotary screens, sometimes referred to as trommel screens, are the best choice. They typically consist of a revolving drum or cylinder with some holes or meshes perforated into it.

Feed materials are put into the cylinder and sorted based on size while the drum turns. Larger particles of material are rolled by their revolving drums so that all fines can pass through the trommel screen plates and down to the bottom.

In fields like mining, water treatment, agriculture, food processing, and waste management, rotary screeners are frequently employed. In the building sector, they are also used to separate aggregates and other materials.

Rotary screeners have excellent productivity, little maintenance needs, and the capacity to handle a variety of materials. Generally, materials can be screened with rotary screeners to a variety of sizes, from relatively large particles to small powders.

While some rotary screener models are made to handle much larger particles, others can separate materials down to a few microns in size.

2. Static Screens

Materials are separated depending on their size and shape using static screens, also known as fixed screens. They are made out of a structure or frame that is fixed in place and covered in some screens or meshes.

Larger elements are sorted from smaller ones when they are fed onto the screen. In sectors like mining, construction, and agriculture, static screening equipment is frequently employed.

They can also be used to separate particulates from liquids in the food processing business. The advantages of employing static screens are their high productivity, little maintenance needs, and versatility in handling various materials.

3. Flip-Flow Screener

For difficult-to-screen materials, such as sticky or wet materials, Flip-Flow screening machines are the best option. To deagglomerate and separate items from one another, they employ a system of flexible screens that can rotate back and forth.

Flip-flop screeners, also known as Flip-Flow screening equipment, are frequently employed in sectors like waste management, mining, and construction.

They are also employed to separate particulates from liquids in the food processing sector. High efficiency, less maintenance, and versatility in handling various materials are among the advantages of employing flip-flop screens.

4. Gyro Screens

For sorting materials according to their size, shape, and density, tumbler screeners are the best option. They function by separating things as they travel over the screen while rotating.

Industries like food and beverage, pharmaceutical, chemical, recycling, construction, superabsorbents, and many more frequently use gyratory screens.

Gyratory screens have many advantages, such as high efficiency, low maintenance needs, and the capacity to handle a variety of materials. Additionally, tumbler screeners are perfect for uses that call for precise particle size control.

5. Air Classifiers

Materials are separated based on density using air classifiers. The device separates the material via airflow, with the lighter particles flying away and the heavier ones falling to the bottom.

Although the Elbow Jet Air Classifier has lately become more generally employed in the separation of Black Mass and many other battery-grade materials, this form of screening equipment is still frequently utilized in the mining and construction industries.

6. Trommel Screens

Since they are so efficient and good at extracting fine gold, trommels are frequently utilized in gold mines. When working at their best, the larger-sized machines can manage astonishing amounts of gravel-rich in gold.

Large diesel or electric engines are frequently used to power them. In the separation and processing of wood chips, topsoil, compost, light demolition trash, household waste, and aggregates, modern trommel screens are incredibly effective.

Larger bits of material are rolled by their revolving drums, allowing all fines to pass through the trommel and down to the bottom. The most recent models offer maximum production at minimal expense thanks to a highly efficient engine, hydraulic driving system, and material processing control system.

It is perfectly suited for screening garbage, soil, compost, biomass, and gravel. Trommel screens are affixed to the ends of scrubbers and grinding mills to carry out a variety of screening tasks. The rubber-lined steel frame and removable screening surface make up the trommel screen.

7. Vibrating Screens

In comparison to traditional spring-mounted vibro separators, modern high-performance vibrating screens machines are designed to deliver enhanced productivity and operating benefits.

This circular vibro screen’s sanitary design makes it the perfect choice for applications where cleanliness is crucial. Available as a fully stainless steel device with contact parts (including the stand).

A high-frequency vibrating screen’s traditional and standard construction comprises a mainframe, screen web, eccentric bock, electric motor, rub spring, and coupler. Hydraulic and electric vibrators, which can either be electric motors or solenoids, are the two most popular forms of vibrators that produce high-frequency vibrations.

Single or double-deck designs are frequently used for screening decks. A static side plate is another element of high-frequency vibrating screens that offers advantages including a smaller support structure, less noise, a longer life, and consequently less maintenance.

8. Disc Screens

The revolutionary anti-clogging method, created for urban and industrial trash via years of experience and testing, is now being used by New Age Disc Screen. The answer entails separating the machine shafts from the material flow while also releasing the material using the faceted disk shape.

For any high-volume screening application, the most recent models offer a practical and affordable solution. These Screens work by feeding material to the slope sheet from an infeed device.

Larger materials, including chips, bark, and hogged wood, continue to move to the end of the screen and are sent to a grinder, hog, hammermill, re-chipper, bunker, or reject conveyor, while smaller materials, like sawdust, fall through small perforations in the disc.

9. Grizzly Screens

Modern grizzly screens have been developed for the most demanding applications and are high-capacity and abrasion resistant.

These screens have a very durable construction that enables them to function in challenging circumstances (primary or secondary). When utilized to remove the fines in between two crushing stages, they excel exceptionally effectively.

The latest generation of grizzly screens come with some features that enable great efficiency and provide some operating benefits. These benefits result in less downtime and lower maintenance and servicing costs. Both linear and circular motion are possible with grizzly screens, and each has its benefits.

In mining applications, linear motion grizzly screens are ideal for scalping before primary cone crushers, whereas circular motion grizzly screens are appropriate for heavy-duty medium to fine screening.

Grizzly screens are most frequently employed in the mining, construction, foundry, recycling, and industrial sectors for heavy-duty screening of undersized materials in bulk material handling applications.

10. Revolving Screens

Revolving screens of a newer generation make it easier to avoid issues like blockage or sticking when screening wet sticky materials. The screen now has significantly higher yield and reliability.

Coal, gangue, coke, hydrated lime, and other easily pluggable wet materials are only a few examples of the many qualities used in the use of screen materials. be utilized in industries such as mining, metallurgy, coking, building materials, and others.

11. Banana Screens

A multi-stage working surface in the shape of a banana is injected to create the banana screen, which is based on a linear classifier. There is a larger slope screen at the feed end, followed by a stepwise decrease at a certain number of angles until the discharge opening, the overall screen surface is concave and curved.

The sloped screen at the feed end allows for more material to pass through the screen surface with higher screening speeds and thinner material delamination. Modern banana screening machines achieve good separating accuracy at an extremely high feed rate and with difficult-to-screen material.

Its operational behavior makes it a high-speed screen. Compared with conventional vibrating screens, the banana screen handles a considerably larger feed quantity for the same screen area.

Different gear unit sizes enable outstanding setting-up to suit your specific application. Balance masses and speeds can be adjusted in stages, enabling linear vibration amplitude and screen box acceleration to be optimally adapted to meet process requirements.

12. Elliptical-Motion Screens

Elliptical-motion screening machines are driven by two centric main shafts, which generate a swing diameter as in a free-running drive. Another synchronized shaft transforms the swing diameter into an ellipse defined by its task. The second shaft distorts the swing diameter into an ellipse.

The big advantage of these machines is that they can work with a very low inclination or with no inclination at all. or The elliptical-motion screening machine combines the advantages of linear- and circular-motion screens as well as enabling space-saving horizontal installation and high material throughput.

Both mechanical and electronic elliptical-motion screens can be selectively varied and adapted to operating conditions. This is accomplished, among other things, by adjusting machine acceleration parameters including vibration amplitude and speed as well as the throw angle, which is crucial for the transport speed.

13. Horizontal Screens

Two spinning vibrating motors on contemporary horizontal screens rotate in opposite directions. The Horizontal Vibrating Screen’s dual motor arrangement causes the screen’s frame to vibrate in a linear or straight-line motion perpendicular to the motors’ planes. The motors are typically angled 50 degrees away from the surface of the screen.

Even when the screen frame is positioned uphill, the larger particles are sent forward with excellent efficiency as a result. The horizontal vibrating screen frame can be positioned anywhere between 10 degrees uphill and 15 degrees downhill depending on the application.

In the uphill position, maximum capacity is reached, which results in the creation of a pool at the machine’s feed end. The pool’s head or pressure causes the fluid to circulate more widely. The large particles are effectively removed from the pool area by the horizontal vibrating screens of the screen frame, where they are then released.

14. Inclined Screens

The most common kind of screen is the vibrating inclined screen. Inclined screens come in a variety of designs, such as two- and four-bearing, high-speed, and high-frequency screens. Although there are single and four-deck options available, the vast majority of installations today are either two or three-decks.

Operator safety is considered throughout the creation of modern models. The abrasion-resistant coating on the inside of the tubes makes them invisible, thus side plates have cross-beam inspection apertures that let you check for faults inside the tubes without having to climb between decks.

Crossbeam inspection ports can be used to flush out foreign matter that could corrode or abrade the inside of the cross members and lead to premature failure.

The eccentric mechanism has to jack bolts in the mechanism tube to support the eccentric shaft during bearing replacements. This reduces downtime, eliminates the need for a crane to suspend the shaft, and reduces the possibility of worker injury.

15. Mobile Screens

When moveable but large-capacity screening is needed, mobile screens are used in quarries, mining operations, construction sites, and the manufacture of aggregates.

The most recent versions have high-quality parts, and their flawless engineering guarantees trouble-free output. When service is necessary, it can be carried out quickly and easily at convenient maintenance sites.


To guarantee that screening equipment can handle the task and perform well in the intended setting, it must match the project. The largest users of screening equipment are the mining, aggregate, and mineral processing sectors.

These are frequently utilized in mines and quarries. The demand is always growing as technology advances. The producers are concentrating on the requirement for customization of screening equipment.


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A passion-driven environmentalist by heart. Lead content writer at EnvironmentGo.
I strive to educate the public about the environment and its problems.
It has always been about nature, we ought to protect not destroy.

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