4 Smallest Spaniel Breeds in the World

We have discovered that many people especially first-time pet owners that want to get a small spaniel pet are finding it very hard to know the smallest spaniel breeds to get because of their resemblance.

The Spaniel is commonly known to have been native to Spain. The name of the breed was derived from the word “espaigneul,” which translates to “Spanish dog.”Although the new Spaniels have been developed in Britain.

In this article, we compiled a list of the smallest spaniel breed in the world.

Smallest Spaniel Breeds in the World

There are several spaniel breeds in the world but we just want to talk about the five (5) smallest spaniel breeds and their characteristics.

  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
  • Cocker Spaniel
  • Springer Spaniels
  • Sprocker Spaniel

1. Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is the first in our list of the smallest spaniel breeds, it is actually the smallest spaniel breed among others. It happens to be among the most famous spaniel breeds in the world, especially in the United Kingdom.

The breed name is in connection to British history and is also known as the English toy spaniel. Its origin is in England in the 1600s, perhaps from the merging of small spaniels with toy breeds from Asia. 

The Cavalier King Charles spaniel is warm-hearted and smart with adorable adherence. They are also considered to be one of the least aggressive dog breeds out there. The spaniel is affectionate with children and an enjoyable acquaintance.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

They have smooth, floppy hair; and endearing, sociable faces; and with the kind of personality they have, it becomes very easier for them to get along with strictly everyone and everything.

They are not hard to train because of their nature, though they can also be in distress from separation anxiety because they are people-oriented

Cavaliers King Charles Spaniel’s coat colors included Blenheim (red and white), tricolor, ruby, tan and black. They have Long, skinny and smooth coats with feathering all over their ears, feet, chest, and tail

They don’t have a strong urge to hunt which makes them happy around people and animals.


This amiable breed has had a connection with the royals and nobles in Europe, especially in England since the 17th century. As of then, they were referred to as toy Spaniels and their looks can differ to some degree.

King Charles I and his son, King Charles II, loved them and were always seen with them; that is how they derived their name and became very popular. It was said that King Charles II so much loved these breeds that he passed a decree for them to be permitted in any public building even in the Parliament.

The Blenheim color was also derived due to the affection of the First Duke of Marlborough, John Churchill, and his wife had for the breed. They loved these so much that they had them many at their home in Blenheim.

Overview of these Breeds

  • Family: Toy
  • Origin: England
  • Weight: About 13 to 18 Kg
  • Height: 12 to 13 Inches
  • Fur color: Ruby, Beheim, tricolor, and black and tan
  • Fur: Long, skinny and smooth
  • Temperament: Fun-loving, elegant, even-tempered, cordial, tender
  • Life Span: 12 to 14 years

2. Cocker Spaniel

The next in our list of the smallest spaniel breeds in the world is the Cocker spaniel, These dogs have a connection with two breeds of the spaniel which are the English Cocker Spaniel and the American Coker Spaniel which are popularly known as Cocker Spaniel.

Cockers are playful breeds who enjoy being around people, you can say they are people-oriented. They are very accommodating, peaceful, tender, affectionate, carefree, vibrant, and attention seekers. They are nonviolent toward other animals and people. They are not for security.

They can adjust to living in any environment as much as the place is secure and they are permitted to play around. They are majorly an effective sporting breed.

The cocker spaniel, often referred to as the American cocker spaniel, descends from the English cocker spaniel. The name “cocker” comes from the woodcock, a game bird that these dogs efficiently flushed out for hunters.

Cocker Spaniel


In the late 1800s that was when the Cocker spaniel was made known to the United States and at that time they were seen the breed as the English cocker spaniel. The English cocker spaniel and cocker spaniel are said to be separate breeds now and the cocker spaniel is smaller than the English cocker spaniel. it happens to be the smallest sporting dog.

The cocker spaniel breed is considered to be skillful in hunting and sporting. They are usually family pets. In 1984 after Word War II became very popular and was the first to register with the American Kennel Club.

Overview of these Breeds

  • Family: Sporting
  • Origin: American
  • Weight: about 12 to 16kg
  • Height: 36 to 43 inches
  • Coat color: Liver Roan, Blue Roan, orange Roan, and Black and Tan
  • Fur: Flat and Silky
  • Temperament: Faithful, Trainable, Playful, Tender, Quiet
  • Life Span: 12 to 15 years

3. Springer Spaniel

The springer spaniel which is also known as the English springer is one of the smallest spaniel breeds. This breed’s origin is in England and happens to be a breed of gun dog in the spaniel traditional group that is being used for flushing and recovering games.

They have similar features to the welsh springer spaniel and they are said to have come down from the Shropshire or Norfolk Spaniels during the mid-19th century, They have been divided into different working lines and appearances.

The springer spaniel has an outstanding look with large and eloquent eyes, a medium muzzle that stopped at the forehead, They have feathering long hanging ears, and a docked tail.

Their lips are very long which makes some dogs salivate. This breed is the tallest, unlike the other spaniel breeds, and they have good legs for covering rutted ground faster.

The springer spaniel coat is medium in length and can be flat. They have additional hair on their ear fringes, feathering on their chest, and on the back of all their four legs. Their colors are white and liver or black and white.

Springer spaniels have affection for being with people and working. They are very variant, energetic, and trainable and can be seen as hunting partners.

This breed has a retrieving urge like other Spaniels. Meanwhile, when they are alone for a long time this urge can result in chewing problems. They are very intelligent too.

Springer Spaniel


In the 1500s Springer Spaniels were well-known as hunting allies, they are from the spaniels and they are said to be the breed of dogs that thrilled out the game, in some cases stirring up the game to Spring. The spaniels at first were mixed and variances were fashioned just on adult height.

The Duke of Norfolk n the 1800s became engrossed in the spaniel which made him start his own line and named it Norfolk at first which is now the English Springer spaniel.

This breed was segregated into areas of activity hunting and show lines, unlike many dogs that can carry out both. Most of them have a family that values them and perhaps be allowed to hunt.

They have been successful in the Best in the New Millennium show and at the Westminster Kennel Club competition show

Overview of these Breeds

  • Family: Sporting
  • Origin: England
  • Weight: about 18 to 25kg
  • Height: 46 to 56 inches
  • coat color: Liver and White, Lemon and White, orange and White, Red and White, Black and White
  • Fur:  moderately long with feathering on the legs and tail
  • Temperament: Intelligent, Watchful, Affectionate, light-hearted, Alert
  • Life Span: 12 to 14 years

4. Sprocker Spaniel

The Sprocker Spaniel is the last on our list of the smallest spaniel breeds, they are the progeny of the Cocker Spaniel and Springer Spaniel. Both parents are spaniels, so, it is not a crossbreed. it possesses the temperament and personality of both parents (cocker spaniel and springer spaniel). They are fundamentally trained to be working dogs and they are stronger than other breeds.

They are Intelligent, companionable, affectionate, outgoing, energetic, very loyal, and active. Good around children and can accommodate other pets.

This breed needs healthy exercise daily due to its high energy to keep it stabilized. It’s been good for carrying out difficult tasks and can be stubborn in some cases.

Sprocker Spaniel


The Sprocker Spaniel is a contemporary breed that had just been in existence for only 20 years. It is the offspring of the Springer Spaniel and the Cocker Spaniel, therefore, it is peculiar and still has a name that sounds familiar.

Its origin has not been discovered but the interbreeding occurred about 10 years earlier. Scottish gamekeepers were the first to cross their parent breeds. The purpose was to create a powerful breed that can be in bigger estates. the breed has the traits of both spaniel parents.

The Sprocker Spaniel has been considered to be an outstanding working dog after its inception, it has also gained a reputation for being a reliable companion tremendous addition to homes. This breed is said to be the most well-known dog in the United Kingdom and a valuable companion for hunters

Overview of these Breeds

  • Family: Sporting
  • Origin: England
  • Weight: about 30 to 45kg
  • Height: 14 to 20 inches
  • coat color: Brown, Black, Fawn, Red, White, Blue, Cream
  • Fur:  wavy and medium in length
  • Temperament: Easy to train, Energetic, Intelligent
  • Life Span: 10 to 13 years


In this article, we have been able to see the smallest spaniel breeds in the world, we talk about their personality, appearance, a brief history on them, and so on, which we believe will be a great help for you to know the one to have at home.

4 Smallest Spaniel Breeds in the World – FAQ

What is the smallest Spaniel breed?

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel.


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