2 Importance of Preservation and Conservation of the Environment

One of today’s most menacing issues for humanity is environmental degradation. Land degradation, aesthetic deterioration, and negative ecological repercussions are some of the catastrophic problems we’re currently dealing with. This is one of the reasons we have to consider the importance of preservation and conservation of the environment.

Over time, humanity has developed numerous potential responses to this problem. Currently, we are concentrating on supporting sustainable development in order to combat mindless consumerism.

Let’s go back to the beginning of it all, though. Early in the 20th century, conservation and preservation were frequently utilized when there were first worries about environmental degradation.

The sustainable use of natural resources is conservation. We rely on the wildlife, air, water, and other natural resources that the world provides. Unfortunately, some of our natural resources are not renewable, while others are. Water, sunlight, wood, and energy are a few examples of renewable resources.

Conserving renewable natural resources entails keeping consumption under control and keeping pace with replacement. The conservation of non-renewable natural resources, such as our fossil fuels, involves keeping an adequate supply for future generations to use.

The demands and interests of people—be they biological, cultural, recreational, or economic—are the main focus of efforts to conserve natural resources.

On the other hand, preservation refers to keeping something current. Natural resources that haven’t been impacted by humans are the major focus of resource preservation.

The fundamental issue with maintaining such resources is that excessive human use of them for housing, agriculture, industry, tourism, and other forms of human development has harmed their natural beauty.

The utilization of natural resources is necessary for human advancement and growth, according to the ideology behind their conservation; nevertheless, proponents emphasize that changes shouldn’t be wasteful or have a negative impact on the environment.

The goal of conservation is to lessen the Earth’s “wear and tear.” Contrarily, preservation seeks to maintain the resources in their original condition.

While preservationists want to keep things as they are, believing that everything and everyone has the right to live, conservationists work as hard as they can to manage the resources to make them more abundant and enable people to benefit from them. This allows trees, for example, to grow without being harmed by humans.

Environments that have already been harmed are frequently restored. On the other hand, conservation aims to stop harm or destruction before it leads to bigger issues. Archival institutions frequently combine conservation and preservation. This is primarily due to the fact that many environmentalists double as preservationists, and vice versa.

The majority of the concepts and techniques used by the two are also comparable. The distinction between conservation and preservation is that the former aims to restore the damage, whilst the latter strives to prevent it from happening in the first place, to make it more apparent and distinct.

Conservation encourages resource management and permits use in a way that ensures their ongoing availability. Contrarily, preservation forbids the use of some resources in order to preserve their current state; in other words, preservation discourages some resource utilization.

Importance of Preservation and Conservation of the Environment

How Does Conservation Play a Role?

Preservationists only disagree on one component of conservation: the need to limit or eliminate human use of natural places. Complete restriction may seem like a terrific way to let nature run its course, but some degree of human involvement is also necessary.

You see, only when every living organism in the food web is thriving on its own does the ecosystem as a whole work in its perfect state. This implies that in order to create the optimal equilibrium, humans must utilize environmental resources since we are also a component of the food chain.

Because of this, conservation is essential for keeping human activities within bounds that are sustainable. According to conservationist theories, this indicates that we can make as much use as we need of nature’s gifts without imposing unreasonable expectations.

People can learn how to act properly through the application of this idea. In the end, this prompted to study and development that assisted in utilizing the resources without preventing humans from fully utilizing what nature had to offer.

How Important Is Preservation?

On the other side, preservation allows for the use of nature without any form of control. This does not imply that environmentalists forbid all human use of the natural world. In that scenario, human life as we currently know it will end.

They do, however, favor the strategy of limiting use to only what is required. In addition, preservation places emphasis on nature for what it is, regardless of the benefits it offers for human survival.

In other words, even if a structure, object, or natural habitat does not benefit the economy in any way, it is nevertheless required to be preserved and conserved in its original state. We would not have the few remaining natural places that are teeming with biodiversity if the preservation movement had not led the way.

Recent studies have demonstrated the value of even those natural elements to the ecosystem as a whole that are not directly related to human use. The quality of life for our future generations would be negatively impacted if we as preservationists did not safeguard these elements.

Similarly, the best way to address the current biodiversity disaster that humans are experiencing is through preservation. That’s because it helps shield ecosystems, bacteria, animals, and plants from human interference.


Those with preservationist and conservationist goals frequently advocate in their actions for leaving some areas of nature alone. The reasons given by conservationists may be that “humans will manage the area so poorly that there will be no resources for future generations to use.”

In contrast, the reasons given by preservationists may be that “this area should exist free of human control because it is good for nature to exist without human control.” There is plenty of potentials for preservationists and environmentalists to cooperate given the status of humans’ connection with the environment at the moment.


A passion-driven environmentalist by heart. Lead content writer at EnvironmentGo.
I strive to educate the public about the environment and its problems.
It has always been about nature, we ought to protect not destroy.

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