Best ways to purify water and make it drinkable
The ways to purify water to make it drinkable that will be discussed in this article aren’t all possible for individuals alone and are also solutions for the governments of countries without clean water. Purifying water can be a lengthy and costly process, but it will always be a necessary one as long as there are people around who need it.
5 Best Ways to Purify Water
There are a few good ways to purify water and make it safe to drink and use.
- Desalination: The process of converting seawater to freshwater by extracting the mineral components is called desalination, this is one of the ways of purifying water. This is carried out by the use of desalination plants, freshwater can then be distributed to areas where no clean water is available, so much as two megalitres a day. The problem is that these plants can take up to three years to build.
- Boiling: For at-home water purifying solutions, the easiest route is through the boiling of water. Boiling may be effective in getting rid of bacterial organisms but may prove ineffective in removing any metals or chemicals. In those cases, you will need to look at other ways to purify water
- Chemicals: Water treatment via chemicals has to be “just right”. Too little and the water won’t be cleaned enough and too much and you’ll likely fall ill anyway. Yes, you may taste the chemicals you use, but it will be safe so long as you’re aware of correct dosages. Types of chemicals used to purify water include chlorine bleach, iodine and chlorine dioxide tablets.
- Filteration: Filteration remains the most used of all the ways to purify water, there are a variety of ways through which you can filter water; cloth, plant material, and carbon filters. You even get bottles with built-in filtration systems and filter-straws that filter water as you drink it (these are ideal if you’re hiking in the middle of nowhere and run low on your water supply).
Dangers of Drinking Unclean Water
We’ll be looking over the dangers of unclean water and how to know if water is unclean to drink. Clean drinking water is used daily to keep us alive, prepare and cook our food and keep us clean. Everyone needs it.
Diseases and health concerns that arise from drinking unclean water include (but are not limited to):
- Cholera: You’ve probably all heard of cholera and how serious it is. The culprit bacteria is Vibrio cholerae which is commonly found in contaminated water. The symptoms include severe diarrhoea and vomiting which lead to dehydration. The treatment plan for cholera includes hydration and antibiotics, but if left untreated can result in shock and death. There are in many places (should be all places) where there are water and medical solutions to address cholera outbreaks in rural areas.
- Dysentery: There is Shigella and Amoebic dysentery to be aware of, both of which entail an infected intestinal tract, diarrhoea, stomach cramps and dehydration (which, again if left untreated, can be fatal). Fluids are an essential course of treatment and antibiotics only if necessary.
- Typhoid fever: Headaches, fever (go figure), abdominal pain and constipation are onset symptoms that can lead to bronchitis as well. Typhoid fever can be treated with antibiotics but can persist for up to four months without treatment.
Signs That a Water Source is Unsafe to Drink
- Murky, cloudy or discoloured water
- A strong smell of chlorine or sulphur
- Tasting anything chemically or bitter
- Any water from stagnant water sources
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