What can be done about Erosion Problems? 15 Ideas

Each year, erosion results in the loss of more than one billion tons of topsoil but, what can be done about erosion problems?

It has been reported that destroying forests to create space for building and agricultural land has resulted in an astounding loss of soil of up to 52 percent. Other human activities, such as the destruction of forests, have also been linked to soil erosion.

Due to soil erosion, almost 10 million hectares of agricultural land are abandoned each year.

Such rapid soil loss renders agricultural fields unusable, necessitating ongoing use of artificial fertilizers and chemicals, each of which has significant drawbacks, or possibly the entire abandonment of lands, as previously mentioned.

As there is no soil left to stop it, soil erosion can result in other problems like a higher danger of landslides and flooding.

If this continues, there will soon be food scarcity because there won’t be enough rich soil to produce high-yield crops for the growing population, which would result in famines around the world.

You should keep in mind that many different species reside in the soil and rely on it for food and survival. We might lose a huge number of species and wipe out the ecosystem’s biodiversity if the soil were to disintegrate.

We have listed a few techniques that have been scientifically demonstrated and tested to lessen the amount of soil erosion that already occurs because it is such a significant problem.

To stop the spread of soil erosion, these procedures can be used on tiny yards or big hectares of land.

Erosion control is the process of controlling wind or water erosion in agricultural, coastal, and built-up environments. Surface runoff can be avoided with the aid of efficient erosion controls, preventing soil erosion, water contamination, and the destruction of wildlife habitat.

What can be done about Erosion Problems? 15 Ideas

What preventative measures can you take for your projects to stop soil erosion? The 15 fantastic techniques listed below can help you get started.

  • Planting Vegetation
  • Contour Farming
  • Applying Mulches
  • Avoiding Overgrazing
  • Tree Planting
  • Use Plastic Sheeting
  • Using a Silt Fence
  • Applying Terraseeding Method
  • Improving Drainage
  • Avoiding Soil Compaction
  • Matting
  • Constructing Terraces
  • Adopting No-Till Farming
  • Laying Fiber Logs
  • Reducing Watering

1. Planting Vegetation

Crops with extensive roots that can hold the soil in place are planted using this technique. This is crucial in locations that are more prone to erosion, like streams, hillsides, and riverbanks.

Vegetative barriers block the passage of water because of their thick, densely packed stems. These barriers allow water to slowly pass through them without eroding while dispersing the runoff.

Deep-rooted native plants, like wildflowers, woody perennials, and native prairie grasses, are ideal for controlling erosion.

2. Contour Farming

On slopes, preparation and cultivation can be difficult and quickly cause soil erosion. The situation can be saved, though, by using the contour farming approach, in which farmers plant across a hill along the contour lines.

This farming method helps to prevent soil erosion from the surface and conserve rainwater. Crop rows, vehicle tracks over hills, and furrows can all be used to accomplish these goals. Consequently, they serve as rainwater reservoirs.

3. Applying Mulches

With this technique, mulch is spread over the exposed soil to protect it from erosion.

When seedlings or shrubs are first growing, mulching primarily serves as an erosion control measure. Mulch also regulates soil temperature and retains moisture to lessen variation in both.

While organic mulches can be used to feed and protect your garden in the spring and fall, wood mulch can be used in gardens and landscapes.

4. Avoiding Overgrazing

A poor stand of plants may result from the prolonged grazing of numerous animals in one area. In that state, vegetation exposes soils to the erosive power of water runoff.

By using effective pasture management techniques and sustainable grazing, you may dramatically reduce these dangers. For example, rotational grazing and moving cattle between various paddocks can lower erosion, enhance the quality of the fodder, and enable pasture plant regrowth.

5. Tree Planting

Enough soil erosion control is provided by the restoration of a damaged ecosystem and the preservation of the current ones. According to a recent study, a tree that is properly planted and cared for reduces erosion by 75%.

The risk of earth flow, which is sparked by a lack of forest cover and a thick web of intertwined roots in the subsurface, is also increased by the absence of forest cover.

Reforestation is effective in stabilizing gullies, earth flows, and shallow landslides that are actively eroding.

6. Use Plastic Sheeting

To prevent soil erosion caused by water or wind, this approach entails the deployment of geotextiles, plastic coverings, erosion control mats, and blankets. They generally aid newly planted crops in taking root on slopes where water is currently running.

Plastic sheeting, however, is only useful in small, erodible areas. The large-scale application runs the risk of causing harm when water flows off the cover.

7. Using a Silt Fence

Likewise called a filter sock. It frequently serves as a temporary wall to control sediment. Runoff is intercepted, slowed down, and the sediment-filled runoff is retained by compost silt fencing’s three-dimensional filters.

For your fence to be successful if employing filter socks, make sure the installation is done correctly. It should not be installed across canals, ditches, or locations with heavy water flow. They are unable to withstand increasing water pressure, hence.

8. Applying Terraseeding Method

This is a cutting-edge technique for dispersing composted soil mixed with seed over a sizable complex area. By using terra seeding, the area can be completely covered with the proper amount of soil. You have minimal possibility of the seed being disrupted by ground contact if the seed is blended.

9. Improving Drainage

To stop water from spreading across the land, this includes creating a canal that permits water to flow through it.

Every building ought to have gutters or pipes that can efficiently channel water from your yard into a water collection system. Underground perforated drainage pipes may need to be installed in areas with high water runoff.

10. Avoiding Soil Compaction

Soil is compressed into a hard layer when it is constantly walked over by a machine, an animal, or a person. Topsoil will be carried downhill as a result of water having a difficult time draining through the smaller spaces between the compacted soil particles.

Instead of trampling the ground, it is required to create a path on paving stones or cleared walkways, especially when it is rainy. You can also benefit from adding manure or compost since it attracts worms, which break up the soil clumps.

11. Matting

There is a substance called matting that can be used in residential yards to stop soil from eroding. It is a substantial mat that is laid down on the soil’s surface to absorb the weather. Because it is made of straw, wood, and coconut fibers, it is environmentally beneficial.

Plants may grow without matting, and you can also cut them to whatever size that you require. Recall to periodically replace biodegradable mats.

12. Constructing Terraces

On a hill, terracing is frequently employed to stop erosion. In this method, the steep parts of a slope are flattened off into several flat regions, allowing for water absorption. The terraces might produce better results if you plant plants and flowers.

13. Adopting No-Till Farming

No-till farming has many more benefits for the soil than tillage-based methods do. With a no-till approach, the soil structure can be preserved while crop residue is left on the soil’s surface.

The capacity of the soil to infiltrate and absorb water increases with proper soil structure and cover, which eventually reduces soil erosion and runoff.

14. Laying Fiber Logs

Placing a sequence of rolled-up logs made of fibrous materials on a steep slope is another option for preventing erosion. Running water is slowed down and absorbed into the soil by the logs. This stops water from moving muck downward.

Young seedlings are also shielded by fiber logs from being swept away by flowing water.

15. Reducing Watering

A farm’s topsoil can quickly disintegrate if you irrigate it with too much water. If at all feasible, use less water or get a drip irrigation system. A drip irrigation system disperses a little water at a time. Additionally, you can install underground drip lines to directly irrigate the roots.


Through the techniques we have explained in this article, you can use to save your farmland or surrounding environment from erosion.


A passion-driven environmentalist by heart. Lead content writer at EnvironmentGo.
I strive to educate the public about the environment and its problems.
It has always been about nature, we ought to protect not destroy.

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