Environmental Analysis, Types, Techniques, Importance, and Examples

Organizations can find internal and external factors that could have a positive or negative impact on their business by conducting an environmental study.

Through the examination of variables like technology and economics, firms can predict future opportunities as well as risks but developing your environmental analysis skills will enable you to create a corporate marketing plan that works.

This page defines an environmental analysis, explains its use, and walks readers through the environmental analysis procedure.

What is Environmental Analysis?

A strategic tool for identifying and evaluating the internal and external components of a corporate environment is an environmental analysis, sometimes known as an environmental scan.

It looks at aspects of the industry and organizations that can have a good or bad impact on the company and its success. Anticipating both immediate and long-term effects allows the organization to be ready to react quickly when problems arise.


Organizations can identify elements that may have an impact on their business operations with the use of an environment study. They can predict the future course of their firm under the current conditions by evaluating these factors. They can create a plan that minimizes risks and seizes chances thanks to this method.

Strategic planning sessions benefit from the inclusion of an environmental study, which gives organizations a methodical approach to decision-making. In this manner, businesses can accomplish their objectives and raise the bar on their performance.


The two main parts of an environmental analysis are external variables and internal factors. They will be covered in detail in this section.

1. Internal Factors

These elements require organizations to examine themselves. Based on the organization’s goal and vision, they assess its strong and weak elements. These elements also enable companies to evaluate their goals and course of action after a predetermined amount of time, such as five or 10 years.

2. External Factors

Conversely, external variables are high-level influences that are not part of the organization. Businesses need to assess the potential and risks associated with the following areas, according to SHRM:

  • Market and industry developments
  • The advantages and disadvantages of the competition
  • Clientele—both your clientele and your customer support
  • Economic factors that can affect an organization
  • Labor supply, labor markets in the regions of operation;
  • Technology, technological breakthroughs that help expedite operations;
  • Politics, and legal situations
What is an Environmental Analysis? All Your Questions Answered

Types of Environmental Analysis

PESTLE and SWOT analyses are the two most used forms of environmental analysis techniques. These methods assist companies in evaluating their strategic positioning in light of several internal and external variables. Continue reading to discover these techniques.

PESTLE Analysis

The PESTLE study, also known as the PEST analysis in short, looks at the external factors that can have a bigger impact on a firm. Based on broad trends in the market, consumers, technology, and other areas, it gives businesses insights into the state of the industry.

Six essential components make up the PESTLE approach, which provides a thorough understanding of the macro environment of the business:

  • Political
  • Economical
  • Social
  • Technological
  • Lawful
  • Environmental

1. Political

Political factors examine the country’s current political situation. This frequently entails assessing whether the government is stable or likely to change shortly. Political elements to consider are as follows:

  • Tax laws
  • Government policies
  • Trade restrictions
  • Corruption

2. Economical

Businesses frequently include economic issues, or the state of the economy at the time, when doing an environmental analysis. This enables them to formulate strategies according to the apparent trajectory of the economy.

For example, a business may believe the economy is doing well and contemplate building another branch if the unemployment rate is low. The following other economic elements should be considered in your review:

  • Interest rate,
  • Inflation rate,
  • Foreign currency rate,
  • Credit accessibility.

3. Social

A nation’s social aspects are its attitudes, which can affect business. For example, people in some cultures follow a diet prescribed by their faith. The sales of particular foods in that area might be impacted by this. Among the social aspects are, for instance:

  • Family structure
  • Gender roles
  • Distribution of wealth
  • Education levels

4. Technological

Innovations and technological breakthroughs have the potential to alter how a firm operates. This could have a favorable effect on some businesses’ operations by using automation to expedite creation. But certain jobs may also be replaced by technology. The following technological aspects should be considered in your analysis:

  • New product discoveries and launches;
  • Rate of technological advancements;
  • Consumer access to technology;
  • Technology incentives.

5. Lawful

Legislative changes that could affect a business’s environment are examined by legal aspects. An industry may be impacted when regulatory organizations impose new rules, as in the case of the healthcare sector. A few legal considerations are:

  • Employment laws;
  • Health and safety legislation;
  • Patent infringements;
  • Product restrictions;
  • Employment Laws

6. Environmental

Environmental aspects consider the potential effects of a business’s location. A specific area’s conditions may affect trade. Things to take into account when reviewing the environment are:

  • Weather conditions
  • Waste disposal laws
  • Energy consumption regulations
  • Environmental policies

SWOT Analysis

The SWOT analysis evaluates an organization’s strategic position by taking into account both internal (strengths and weaknesses) and external (threats and opportunities) factors.

It reveals the benefits and drawbacks of a business based on its strong and weak characteristics. By doing this, businesses may create a plan that minimizes risks and optimizes opportunities.

The following components make up the 2×2 matrix used in the SWOT method:


  • What advantages does your business provide?
  • What special or affordable resources are available to you that are not available to others?
  • In your market, what skills do clients think you possess?
  • What qualities lead one to “win business”?


  • What could you alter?
  • What should you avoid doing?
  • What shortcomings is your economy most likely to perceive in you?
  • What factors are involved in the downturn of your business?


  • What promising opportunities do you see?
  • What intriguing patterns are you aware of?


  • What difficulties do you face?
  • What are your competitors doing?
  • Is the rapid advancement of technology putting your employment at risk?
  • Do you struggle with the financial flow or bad debt?

SWOT analysis can help a business challenge performance assumptions and reveal dangerous weaknesses. If a firm uses it carefully and cooperatively, it can offer new insights into where it is at and help it create the best plan of action for any situation.

Process of Environmental Analysis

While doing an environmental scan has no set guidelines, following these stages will help you get the most out of the process. An environmental analysis is a methodical approach to identifying the elements that impact your company and its operations.

  • Identify the environmental factors
  • Gather data regarding these variables
  • Check the competitors
  • Determine the impacts on the organization
  • Create a tactical plan

1. Identify the environmental factors

A list of the variables to be assessed is the most important prerequisite for an environmental study. These variables will vary based on the industry and region of your company.

Micro- and macroenvironmental elements that affect their operations both temporarily and permanently should be on this list. A mining business, for instance, may describe the most recent developments in their sector and local environmental laws.

2. Gather data regarding these variables

The next stage is to collect data about the environmental factors that have been described. To ensure the material is current and relevant, you might consult a variety of sources.

You can look at your factors and conduct some studies here. Written and verbal information are the two primary categories of data that need to be gathered.

People read newspapers or magazines to receive written information, while they listen to radio broadcasts or other spoken forms of communication such as radio broadcasts.

Using the aforementioned example, this would entail looking up any updates to health and safety laws online and in medical periodicals to determine whether they would affect your medical facility.

3. Check the competitors

When doing an environmental scan, you look beyond the financial standing of your company. It’s also important to research the performance of your rivals. A competitor study can assist you in identifying potential risks to your company as well as chances to differentiate yourself from the competition.

4. Determine the impacts on the organization

You can now use the environmental data you’ve gathered to forecast potential effects on your business. By taking this step, you set your expectations and may be ready for whatever may happen should these variables materialize. When evaluating risks and their effects, it’s critical to consider the following:

  • What effects does this factor have on your company?
  • How much time will this last?
  • Will this have a positive, negative, or no effect on the business?
  • How significant is this component to the general operations of the business?

5. Create a tactical plan

You can come up with ideas and create strategies for potential changes resulting from these elements in the last phase. It entails evaluating the strategic plans you now have and making necessary adjustments in light of the knowledge you have gained about your company’s surroundings. In addition, you can list actions to reduce risks and increase possibilities.

Example of Environmental Analysis

Think of Mr. X as an analyst for the financial services company ABC Pvt. Ltd. Mr. X decided to perform an environmental analysis in response to the latest happenings in the financial business. Given that technology advancements drive the finance industry, Mr. X decided to conduct a PESTLE analysis.

Mr. X takes into account the political, economic, social, legal, and environmental elements in this analysis. He does, however, pay more attention to the technical details. He makes comparisons between the technological developments occurring in other businesses within the same industry.

The findings demonstrate the new developments in sound technological services. It reveals how reliable chatbots in the financial services industry boost company profitability. Mr. X decided to construct a strong chatbot because ABC Pvt. Ltd. does not currently have one.

According to the analysis’s answer, they must improve their after-sales services by advancing technology. After that is finished, the company’s revenue and profitability increase by 15%. The analysis is therefore considered successful.

Importance of Environmental Analysis

The following are some benefits of conducting environmental analyses for organizations:

  • Identify opportunities: Organisations can identify emerging trends and opportunities to enter new markets or develop new goods or services by observing the outside world.
  • Identify threats: It assists companies in identifying risks to their operations, such as emerging rivals, altered laws, or a faltering economy.
  • Develop strategies that work: When organizations know how the external environment impacts their operations, they can develop strategies that work and align with their aims and objectives.
  • Prepare for change: Environmental scanning assists companies in anticipating external changes and developing contingency plans for them.
  • Make smarter decisions: By learning more about the external issues affecting their business, organizations can make more informed decisions.

An organization must do an environmental analysis if it hopes to succeed and remain competitive in the ever-evolving commercial world. It assists them in seizing opportunities, reducing risks, and formulating sound plans that result in expansion and prosperity.

Environmental Analysis in Marketing

Business developers and marketers utilize environmental analysis as a strategic tool to pinpoint the internal and external, controllable and uncontrolled aspects that affect an organization’s performance.

The term “marketing environmental analysis” refers to all non-marketing variables that have an impact on a company’s capacity to establish and preserve fruitful customer connections. A company can find opportunities and strengths and lessen threats and weaknesses by performing a marketing environment analysis.

In marketing, environmental study typically comes before any marketing strategy. The results of the marketing environmental study will be taken into account and used as a guide to help develop and improve the optimal business plan.

Through the continuous observation of the variables influencing the marketing landscape, marketers can anticipate shifts, seize opportunities, and fine-tune their business plans to achieve superior outcomes.

Analysis of the marketing environment is essential to a company’s success. This aids in recognizing every component linked to the enterprise and the functions that each of these components fulfills in the enterprise’s triumph.

For every business to succeed in the long run, environmental analysis in marketing is therefore not just necessary but also required.

Business Environmental Analysis

Analysis of a business’s external environment is the study of those external influences. This covers a variety of topics, such as the state of politics, the economy, the technology sector, and more. A business can create strategies to maximize its success in this environment by knowing these aspects.

The organizational and industrial elements that have a positive or negative impact on the firm are examined in this environmental analysis. Organizations can quickly address them when they arise by assessing the short- and long-term effects.


Understanding environmental analysis is a crucial skill for organizations. Businesses can make educated decisions and maintain their competitiveness by assessing external influences and recognizing opportunities and challenges.

Even if it’s not infallible, environmental analysis is nonetheless valuable for keeping up with trends and safeguarding companies against unanticipated disasters.


Editor at EnvironmentGo! | providenceamaechi0@gmail.com | + posts

A passion-driven environmentalist by heart. Lead content writer at EnvironmentGo.
I strive to educate the public about the environment and its problems.
It has always been about nature, we ought to protect not destroy.

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