8 Major Effects of Industrial Pollution

Humanity was able to evolve further into the twenty-first century with the advent of the Industrial Revolution. Science advanced quickly, technology advanced quickly, and the manufacturing age emerged. Industrial pollution is one more impact that comes along with all of them.

There have been several effects of industrial pollution that have been notable through time. Industries used to be small operations that mostly produced smoke as a pollutant.

However, because there were a fixed number of factories and they operated for a set amount of hours each day, levels of pollution did not greatly increase. But when these companies expanded into full-fledged businesses and manufacturing facilities, the problem of industrial pollution began to gain more significance.

What is Industrial Pollution?

The pollution brought on by industry is referred to as industrial pollution. The development of more industries and technology that accompanied the industrial revolution led to significant contamination of our planet’s air, land, and water.

This type of pollution is among the worst since the smoke that industry releases into the air plays a significant role in ozone depletion, animal and human health issues, and global warming.

Additionally, the trash from these enterprises is dumped on land and in water, which hurts both the health of animals and plants. Many dangerous and unnatural compounds are released into the soil and water as a result of this industrial pollution, which ultimately causes the extinction of some plant and animal species.

We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us. When we see land as a community to which we belong, we may begin to use it with love and respect.

Aldo Leopold

Industrial pollution is any type of pollution that has its direct origins in industrial processes. Industries of some form are to blame for the majority of global pollution.

In reality, organizations working to combat environmental deterioration now place a high priority on the issue of industrial pollution. Countries that are experiencing the sudden and quick rise of these industries see it as a severe issue that has to be swiftly brought under control.

Industrial pollution has many different guises. It degrades the quality of soil all across the world, contaminates several sources of drinking water, and releases undesired pollutants into the atmosphere.

Industrial accidents have resulted in significant environmental catastrophes that have not yet been controlled. The reasons for industrial pollution that have led to environmental degradation are listed below.

Major Effects of Industrial Pollution

  • Pollution of Water
  • Polluting the Soil
  • Air Pollution
  • Global Warming
  • Loss of Biodiversity
  • Atmospheric Deposition
  • Economic Effects

1. Pollution of Water

The consequences of industrial pollution are extensive and likely to continue to have a long-term impact on the ecosystem. The majority of enterprises need a lot of water to function. Through several processes, the water comes into contact with radioactive waste, toxic compounds, heavy metals, and even organic filth.

Water sources have been contaminated by the addition of several untreated effluents. These are either thrown into rivers or open waters. As a result, a significant amount of industrial waste is present in many of our water sources, which negatively affects the health of our ecosystem.

Temperature changes, alterations in the water’s chemical composition, and oftentimes pollution from nutrient-rich runoff all take place. Stress causes fish to disappear. Additionally, amphibians and insects, plants are also impacted.

Farmers then utilize the same water for irrigation, which has an impact on the quality of the food that is produced. Numerous groundwater supplies are now unusable to both humans and wildlife due to water pollution. At best, it can be recycled and used again in other sectors.

2. Polluting the Soil

Agriculture is being affected by soil contamination, which is also killing local vegetation.  It also causes chronic health issues for the people that come into contact with such soil daily.

3. Air Pollution

Air pollution has led to a steep increase in various illnesses, and it continues to affect us daily. With so many small, mid-sized, and large-scale industries coming up, air pollution has taken a toll on the health of the people and the environment.

Industrial by-products in the form of gases are released from the Iron and steel industries and power plants. These cause harmful effects on human health such as eye irritations, and occurrences, and aggravation of respiratory diseases such as asthma, chronic bronchitis, Chronic Obstructive pulmonary disorder, and Emphysema.

The residue settles on the plants and is consumed by the animals which are then consumed by the larger animals. The toxins get accumulated in these animals and cause them to harm too.

The plant’s growth and reproduction are affected. Many of the gases released are greenhouse gases affecting the temperature of our atmosphere and causing global warming. Acid rain is a consequence of air pollution following industrial pollution.

4. Global Warming

The rate of global warming has been steadily rising along with industrial pollutants. Industries are releasing smoke and greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which is accelerating global warming.

A few consequences of global warming include the melting of glaciers, the extermination of polar bears, floods, tsunamis, and hurricanes.

5. Loss of Biodiversity

The problem of industrial pollution generally demonstrates to us that it interferes with natural rhythms and patterns, which has a significant impact on wildlife. It is becoming more difficult for the environment to recover from each natural disaster as habitats are destroyed, species are going extinct, and these trends are continuing.

Major industrial incidents including oil spills, fires, radioactive material leaks, and property destruction are more difficult to clean up since they have a greater impact more quickly.

Chemical wastes, pesticides, radioactive materials, and other industrial pollutants continue to harm the world and all of its inhabitants severely. Natural habitats are disrupted, and it has an impact on species and ecosystems. Habitats are being destroyed, and animals are going extinct.

The security of food, water, and health is threatened by the increasing volume of liquid, solid, and toxic wastes. Oil spills and radioactive leaks are examples of industrial environmental disasters that take years or decades to clean up.

6. Atmospheric Deposition

Industrial contamination can also be linked to soil cadmium accumulation. The levels of Cd in topsoils contaminated by mining debris varied greatly.

After clarifying in tailing ponds, industrial effluents are frequently released to surface water drainage systems. Very high Cd concentrations have been found in the overbank and river bottom sediments as a result of recent investigations.

7. Economic Effects

Although industrialization may seem to be a sign of progress and development, the expenditures associated with cleaning up polluted landscapes and water sources are very significant. Revenue from tourism is lost. Health-related expenses are significant.

Additionally, it is occasionally necessary to relocate entire communities. Industrial pollution typically has a greater impact on the working class, which is economically underprivileged and has lower levels of education. They will be the ones that live and work closest to the industrial area.

Usually, they are unable to continue fighting for their rights. They typically do not criticize the development or growth of the industrial sector because it offers them employment chances and facilities for their families. Those who can relocate will do so to the suburbs.


From our article, we have seen that though the industries both big and small have helped bring development to the world, there have been some major side effects and if we continue to overlook these effects, we might have an accommodating world for our kids.


Editor at EnvironmentGo! | providenceamaechi0@gmail.com | + posts

A passion-driven environmentalist by heart. Lead content writer at EnvironmentGo.
I strive to educate the public about the environment and its problems.
It has always been about nature, we ought to protect not destroy.

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